Leg ulcers: risk factors and prevention

The warikosnaja disease

The warikosnaja disease of the lower gliedmaen – the most common disease of the peripheral veins consists in the violation of the outflow of blood in the venous System. According to various estimates, varicose veins, 25-40% suffer of the women and 10-15% of men of working age.

When violations occur of varicose veins in the vascular wall, wherein, depending on the Form of the disease, you can within the skin or subcutaneous, and more or less frequently, explicitly or hardly noticeable. Sometimes patients are on the varicose veins, the "asterisk" - spider veins, or trophic disorders (darkening of the skin on the legs, seal and under the skin are other symptoms) include.

Risk factors

The main reasons for the development of varicose veins are:

  1. Hereditary Predisposition. The disease can bear a strong "family" character, beat the relatives in the descending line.
  2. Pregnancy.
  3. The extra weight.
  4. Work and sports related with heavy physical activities, weight lifting, strong muscular tension. A prolonged static Position – sitting or standing work).
  5. The intake of hormones.
  6. The wearing of tight clothes and shoes.
  7. Disorders of the digestive system (tendency to constipation).
  8. Diseases of the liver and gallbladder (Hepatitis, Stagnation of bile, etc.).

Complications of varicose veins

The warikosnaja disease causes serious complications, the more serious than the disease itself:

Thrombophlebitis. Inflammation of the veins with formation in its Lumen Thrombus (blood clot). Blood clots cause pain, to go to disturb, and to work. A part or the whole of the Thrombus, a blood clot can blood pressure start to move river bed, and carries the threat of the Blockade of a vessel, and a threat to life.

Provoke Thrombophlebitis may develop:

  • Violation of the Zone of varicose veins;
  • overheating (bath or Sauna);
  • Dehydration;
  • high body temperature;
  • Alcohol poisoning;
  • a prolonged stay in a sitting Position (driving a car or flying in an airplane) ends.

Trophic Ulcer. Arise in the areas of varicose veins, bleeds and is very difficult to heal.

Change in the composition of the blood and increase the viscosity.

Thromboembolism. Constipation Thrombus is one of the arteries of the heart.

Symptoms and diagnosis

The outward Manifestation of varicose veins is:

  • the presence of venous mesh on the legs;
  • by radiation from thin wires;
  • Swelling of the feet;
  • Cramps;
  • Fatigue and heaviness in the legs at the end of the working day;
  • Pain in the legs after a strong physical exertion;
  • the presence of pronounced venous node;
  • the formation of trophic ulcers.
The main method of diagnosis of varicose veins Duplex ultrasound of the blood vessels of the legs (ultrasound).


Varicose veins

Currently, there are two types of treatment of varicose veins:

  1. Conservative. Integrated approach in the treatment of varicose veins includes:
    • Cleaning of the body;
    • Treatment of diseases of the gastro-intestinal tract and the liver;
    • external use of special creams and gels, strengthen the walls of blood vessels, improves their elasticity, but also relieves swelling and fatigue in the legs;
    • Medicines in the Form of capsules;
    • Leech therapy (use of leeches) is one of the most effective and conservative means of treatment of varicose veins and their complications;
    • Remedial gymnastics;
    • wearing kompressionnogo of the jerseys.
    Courses of treatment are best after 1 month with breaks of 2-3 months.
  2. Surgical. Surgically removed the damaged part of the ship. A modern method of treatment – hardening. The affected vein special substance is broken subsides, Vienna and turns off the General flow is. Venous return is diverted through the additional options. For cosmetic purposes, used in micro-sclerotherapy is spider veins can be.


  1. Wear only comfortable and loose clothing and shoes that are not suppressed and not pinched blood vessels.
  2. Avoid lifting and carrying heavy loads.
  3. In the case of the seat or standing, it is important to do warm-up and breaks.
  4. Progression of the can slow down the disease, if you regularly wear compression stockings: special elastic stockings, tights, bodysuits.
  5. You can use elastic bandages to support the veins in good condition.
  6. Useful exercises with your feet: lie on your back – "Bike", "shear", etc.
  7. For the prevention of varicose veins helpful are swimming, walking, running, Cycling, hot and cold showers on the legs.
  8. Follow normal defecation. Drink more water and eat a sufficient amount of fresh fruit and vegetables (up to 400 G per day).