What causes varicose veins on the legs in women

Many people think that varicose veins in the legs are just an undesirable cosmetic manifestation. However, over time it becomes clear that varicose veins are a serious condition associated with pathological distortion of venous vessels.

As a result, the tone of the vein walls becomes weaker and the tissue does not receive the blood supply it needs due to the loss of good flow pressure. Knowing the danger of varicose veins on the legs in women, it is worth preventing the disease or starting its treatment from the very beginning.

Features of the development of varicose veins

Causes of varicose veins in women

The disease more often develops in the lower extremities. In addition, women suffer more from varicose veins than men. Therefore, the fair sex should be especially alerted by the first signs and symptoms of the disease - the vascular "asterisks" that have appeared. Such signs cannot be ignored, but it is imperative to consult a doctor in order to prescribe conservative treatment.

Otherwise, the following can occur in the future:

  • Sensation of heaviness, itching and pain in the legs,
  • Cramps and numbness at night and in the morning,
  • Peeling and spots on the skin,
  • Muscle pain when walking and palpating superficial veins,
  • venous nodules on legs, feet, ankles.

Important!In the advanced stages of venous disease, radical methods are needed to stop the development of varicose veins and even surgical intervention.

Why varicose veins occur more often in women

According to statistics, eighty-nine percent of the fair sex are diagnosed with varicose veins of the lower extremities, and sixty-six percent of men. This is due to the natural structure of the female body and the main functions, the implementation of which is assigned to it. And this is the beginning of the menstrual cycle, the onset of menopause, carrying and feeding a child when there are hormonal changes in the body.

Other causes of female varicose veins are:

  • Love of high heels in shoes,
  • Thyroid pathology - women are more common than men,
  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus, more commonly diagnosed in women,
  • Shop assistants, waitresses, teachers, educators "on their feet".
Symptoms of varicose veins in women

Not insured against varicose veins and women who take hormonal medication.

The risk of developing varicose veins is with fans who often sit in a hot bath and sit in a bath / sauna.

It is worth paying close attention to the condition of the veins on the legs of overweight people who cannot imagine their life without smoking, alcohol and the immense consumption of fatty, salty and spicy foods.

Important!In women, varicose veins usually form during pregnancy and after childbirth and progress faster up to 2-3. Stage ahead.

Which complications can arise?

To understand the danger of varicose veins on the legs and why it is better not to start them, but to cure them immediately, women who have discovered symptoms of varicose veins should consult a phlebologist. The specialist will talk about the consequences of the disease, if left untreated, and will prescribe therapy.

  • The risk of varicose veins on female legs leads to insufficient venous blood flow. This has an unsatisfactory effect on the activity of the entire circulatory system, which has a direct effect on the favorable course of pregnancy.
  • A common occurrence in pregnant women is the formation of hemorrhoids. Such varicose veins in the anus, and these are hemorrhoids, are frightened of bleeding and malignant changes in the varicose tissue.
  • The disease develops faster in women than in men. As a result, the fair sex is previously faced with the consequences of varicose veins.
  • If left untreated, varicose veins of the cervix and body of the uterus may develop during pregnancy. This manifests itself at the end of the 2nd trimester with pain in the lower back and lower abdomen. And if there is already a suspicion about the presence of varicose veins, then before planning pregnancy, the vessels of the pelvic organs should be examined.
How do varicose veins manifest themselves in women

Most patients come to the doctor with complaints of pain and leg swelling. Such symptoms are characteristic of the 2nd stage of varicose veins.

And this is what varicose veins on the legs lead to if you ignore the prevention and treatment of the disease:

  • In the first phase, women are concerned about the unaesthetic appearance of their legs and hide defects under pants and long skirts.
  • In the 2nd stage, an inflammatory process develops that leads to blood stagnation in the veins. This leads to the appearance of lumps and pain - quite rare and not too severe.
  • In the 3rd stage swelling and heaviness appear in the legs, the skin on the ankles darkens. Skin inflammation, eczema, thrombophlebitis of subcutaneous vascular filaments, and deep vein thrombosis are also possible. The danger of the latter is the unpredictable separation of a blood clot that, once in the heart or pulmonary artery, threatens a woman's life.
  • In the 4th stage, spasmodic trophic ulcers form, which, in addition to bleeding and wounds, cause unbearable pain.

Important!To avoid complications from varicose veins, you should follow the treatment tactics developed by the doctor.

Treatment methods

Treatment of a huge disease must be carried out at every stage. Early investigation and detection of the disease will result in faster and easier relief. Neglecting varicose veins requires persistent and long-term therapy (conservative or surgical), as well as spending on money.

The phlebologist's professional awareness of the dangers of varicose veins provides options for dealing with them:

  • medical methods using venotonic drugs in the form of tablets, gels,
  • how to treat varicose veins in women
  • Bandage technique using compression knitwear, and these are leggings, knee socks, stockings, tights (at home they are replaced by elastic bandages,
  • Hardware procedure with household appliances.

In a duel with the enemy, you should include the following home options:

  • Contrast shower whose current is directed from the bottom up (you have to start with warm water and end with cold water),
  • special diet that restricts animal products,
  • Rejection of high heels and wearing of orthopedic shoes - especially indicated for flat feet.


Varicose veins of the female legs should be checked. And if you can not avoid the disease, then at the first signs you need to start treatment to prevent the development of serious complications (trophic ulcer, acute thrombophlebitis, bleeding from varicose veins and others).