How to treat varicose veins in the legs in women

Varicose veins are quite a dangerous disease that scares many girls. With this disease, the veins in the legs often enlarge, they become visible from the outside, which greatly affects the aesthetic appearance. At the same time, the danger is not limited to appearance, since the disease can have serious consequences. Therefore, immediately after the first signs of varicose veins on the legs of women, a doctor should be called. With treatment in the early stages, it is possible to get rid of the disease without surgical intervention. As the severity increases, the likelihood of treatment with conservative therapy decreases.

The reasons for the development of varicose veins

Varicose veins

Varicose veins are considered a disease that occurs when there is a genetic predisposition, as well as external stimulation due to an incorrect lifestyle or excessive stress.The factors influencing the onset of the disease are diverse, therefore 3 types of probable causes are conditionally distinguished. The first, the most common, is a genetic change localized in the vessels, the likely causes: thin walls, inadequate valves, or they are weak. The second hereditary factor in people whose parents had a similar disease, the risk of occurrence is many times higher. The third reason is quite extensive - a negative outside influence, but it is often accompanied by other listed factors.

The following external reasons can provoke the first signs of varicose veins of the legs in women:

  1. Prolonged standing or sitting;
  2. The patient leads a measured life without physical exertion;
  3. Bad habits, the most dangerous are smoking and drugs, but alcohol is not inferior in its negative effects;
  4. Pathology in the function of the valves;
  5. Various diseases of the cardiovascular system;
  6. Wrong diet;
  7. The negative impact of the environment;
  8. Overweight and obesity are one of the most dangerous factors in the development of varicose veins.
  9. Mechanical injuries to the legs;
  10. Using uncomfortable clothing that squeezes blood vessels, such asB. High Heels;
  11. Chronic constipation.

The primary signs of varicose veins in the legs can be seen in people of different ages, but most often they are women over 40 years old. Every year new average statistical minimum values for the incidence of varicose veins in young people are set. Symptoms can occur even under the age of 20. At the same time, 70% of cases of varicose veins are registered in women. To avoid undesirable consequences, you need to consult a phlebologist who will diagnose and prescribe treatment.

Preparations for external use

Varicose vein creams and ointments come in many different forms, depending on the brand.They act on the veins in the legs, relieving swelling, relieving pain, relieving heavy legs syndrome, tightening the walls of vessels and slightly thinning the blood.Despite a number of positive points, it should be noted that it is difficult to achieve full recovery with the help of drugs, since the expansion of the walls is irreversible.

Most often, treatment of varicose veins of the legs in women begins or is supplemented with creams:

  1. Phlebotonics - their main effect is to improve the tone of the membranes, which prevents further varicose veins. At the same time, it is possible to get rid of edema, burning, cramps, especially at night.
  2. Anticoagulants (blood-thinning drugs) - The purpose of the drugs is to increase the fluid parameters of the blood, which prevents blood clots from forming in the dilated vein and improves blood flow to the top. Necessarily prescribed for thrombophlebitis. In addition, they reduce the severity of edema on the legs and stimulate blood circulation.
  3. Anti-inflammatory. This includes nonsteroidal drugs that can help reduce the inflammatory response.

Treatment with ointments as the main therapy is prescribed in the early stages of the disease, the main task being to prevent its further development. In later stages it acts as an integral part of complex therapy or accelerates rehabilitation.

Drug therapy

Drug therapy for varicose veins

Medicines are used more often than other methods, since they have a complex effect and accompany almost all stages of the treatment of the disease.If signs of varicose veins are found on the legs, in most cases various medical methods are prescribed, only rare exceptions can lead to surgical intervention.

Most drugs have their own characteristics in terms of use, dosage, and side effects. Therefore, self-medication is not recommended. You should consult a specialist.

Before treating varicose veins on the legs in women, it is necessary to do research to determine which methods of treatment are most acceptable and to identify the cause of the disease.The drugs are traditionally divided into three categories: normalizing blood flow, avoiding the risk of complications, and eliminating symptoms.In order to qualitatively eliminate the symptoms of varicose veins of the legs in women and achieve regression of the disease, drugs should be used in a complex way. There are such groups of drugs:

  1. Anticoagulants help thin the blood;
  2. Phlebotonics improve the quality of the vessel walls;
  3. Angioprotectors prevent negative effects and reduce vascular permeability;
  4. Antioxidants help eliminate oxidation reactions;
  5. Corticosteroids, anticonvulsants, and anti-inflammatory drugs help relieve pain, swelling, and inflammation.
  6. Vitamins and minerals, immunomodulators, contribute to the regeneration of the body's properties to resist the development of pathology.

The dosage and choice of drug should be carried out by the doctor. Very often, drugs from different groups are used a little to create a complex effect.

Anticoagulants are only indicated for use when there is a risk of blood clots, that is, when the blood density is increased. Antioxidants are primarily prescribed with risk of complications. Vitamin complexes are shown to everyone, but they should be selected individually on the basis of diagnostic data.

Varicose veins are called a female disease, but they are mainly connected to the veins, which is why they are also quite common in men. The drugs described can be consumed by a large half of society.



If it was not possible to cure varicose veins at an early stage, a more radical method - surgical intervention - can replace conservative therapy. Nowadays, minimally invasive methods are most common when only a small puncture is required through which drugs or devices are injected. The standard surgical method is only used if there is an increased risk of a thrombus rupture.

Operations are shown in girls in the presence of such manifestations:

  1. Complex form of the disease;
  2. Pathology in the saphenous vein;
  3. The blood circulation is impaired, the patient's life becomes difficult;
  4. The appearance of complications in the form of thrombosis or trophic ulcers;
  5. The rapid progression of the disease, which poses a risk to the patient's health.

At the same time, a number of contraindications include:

  1. High blood pressure;
  2. Ischemia;
  3. Diseases of infectious etiology provoking high fever;
  4. Older age;
  5. Erysipelas inflammation or eczema;
  6. II-III trimester of pregnancy.

The standard operation is called a phlebectomy.When it is carried out, the damaged vessel is completely eliminated, this applies to both large and small branches.Several small incisions are made so that only local anesthesia can be performed. The crossctomy is done in a similar manner if the vein is not removed, only ligated.

More modern techniques - laser, sclero, ultrasound therapy. A small puncture is made with an insulin syringe or a small incision. A special substance (sclerosant) or a device is injected into the vessel. As a result, the vein sticks together and the blood flow in the vessel dries up. Today a new method of sclerotherapy has been developed that allows the use of a foam-type drug.

Treatment with leeches

Treatment of varicose veins of the legs with leeches

Leeches are a drug that has long been known for its beneficial effects on the blood. Thanks to them, various diseases, especially cardiovascular diseases, were previously treated. Despite the availability of many modern techniques, hirudotherapy is still popular.

The saliva of leeches contains a unique substance - hirudin, which prevents blood from clotting and thus becomes more fluid. In this case, the remedy will help dissolve blood clots. This not only thins the blood, but also cleanses it. Doctors note that after treatment, edema is eliminated, the feet and legs no longer hurt, and blood flow is normalized.

Hirudotherapy is prescribed at all stages of the disease. The standard treatment includes 5-6 sessions. During the course, you need to take a 3-4 month break. During the procedure, 1-2 leeches and 3 more leeches are placed in the most problematic areas along the entire affected vein.

Healing exercises

Exercise and warm up should be done every morning. Performing a complex of simple exercises can significantly improve the quality of human health:

  1. Lie on your back on your back and raise your legs to a vertical position. You can throw them on the wall. Hold your legs in this position for 3 minutes. In this case, breathing should be slow, using the chest, not the stomach.
  2. Lying exercise bike. It is necessary to perform the movement of the legs, which is similar to a bicycle, the duration of the exercise is 3-5 minutes;
  3. Stand on your toes while standing, you do not have to stand up high, it is enough to detach yourself 1 cm from the surface. The action is carried out approximately 30 times.
  4. Standing should be pumped with one foot to the toe, then the other. The foot angle should not exceed 45 °. The duration of the procedure is 15 minutes, over time the load should be increased.

It is recommended that you walk for at least half an hour every day. Swimming is an effective tool, you should visit the pool once a week.

Other treatments

It is not necessary to focus only on the main component of the treatment, since with the help of auxiliary means, the effect of drugs can be significantly improved. Thanks to additional methods, it is possible to get rid of symptoms, increase the effect of drugs and reduce the risk of relapse.

The doctor's basic recommendation is to use proper nutrition. It is possible to use folk remedies. To determine proper nutrition, it is recommended to consult a nutritionist to find the best foods to normalize blood circulation. There are general principles that must be followed:

  • Eat lots of vegetables, preferably raw;
  • Eat more berries or fruits, preferably raw, but frozen or dried fruits are suitable in winter.
  • Add nuts and legumes to the meal;
  • There is a lot of seafood;
  • Prefer flaxseed or olive oil for cooking;
  • Exclude excluded, fatty, spicy, smoked, salty and sweet foods from the diet;
  • Give up alcohol, coffee, and cigarettes completely.

Lifestyle plays an important role, it is important to spend time in active rest, with cycling, walking, exercising, dancing, swimming. In order to maintain the normal condition of the legs, gymnastics should be done daily. If you stand or sit for a long time, it is recommended that you charge the device regularly every 2 hours.

An important prerequisite for the rehabilitation and prevention process is the use of compression underwear. It compresses the legs, as a result of which the blood supply to the legs goes through the saphenous vein and the load is removed from the visible vessels. There are leashes with different compression levels, the attending physician will inform you about the required form.

Traditional medicine recipes

Folk remedies for legs from varicose veins

Folk recipes are very popular these days, as some plants have a powerful effect on relieving the symptoms of disease.

The most popular folk remedies:

  • Horse chestnut, almost all of its derivatives are used;
  • White acacia inflorescences;
  • Lilac flowers;
  • Leaves of marsh creepers;
  • Grape leaves;
  • Wormwood leaves;
  • Willow bark;
  • The stems are celandine.

Plants are made in tincture form. Add 2-4 tbsp. l. selected raw materials and pour 0, 5 liters of alcohol. Insist in a place inaccessible to the sun for 2 weeks. For lotions, use a strained liquid and let it stand overnight.

Treatment during pregnancy

Therapy during pregnancy should be selected only by a doctor who, during this period, prefers drugs without contraindications. As a rule, preventive measures are chosen: diet, gymnastics and creams are also used.

For pregnant women, tinctures of wormwood, chamomile, hops and calendula are recommended. They are applied as lotions or compresses at night. At the same time, it is important to avoid hot baths and saunas and not to use alcoholic solutions inside.