Varicose veins

Varicose veins - a disease associated with the increase of the Deformation as well as the formation of the nodes of the veins close to the surface of the body. Most often on the legs.

Varicose veins

The disease is in 20% of women and 10% of men in the world. This disease in the early stages rarely worried sick, but it poses a great danger to the life, because, at any time, Thrombophlebitis may occur. Thrombi form the varicose veins in the veins that can become loose and moves with the flow of blood to vital organs and cause the death of the people.

Varicose veins are triggered by the weakness of the walls, and valve System of the patient. In the standard, this System provides for the circulation of the blood through the veins of the legs to the heart, but at infringement of function of the valves, the blood takes place, congestion in the legs and increasing the pressure. As a result of Vienna are large, weak, and their Form is disturbed.

Often varicose veins-people who have a genetic predisposition. In addition, the risk of developing this disease in people who are overweight, pregnant women, and people spend a lot of time increased standing. The most important factor for the development of the disease the process of aging of the organism.


The disease has two forms (primary and secondary).

The primary Form of the disease is weakness or injury to the vein wall. Factors that cause this disease are pregnancy, obesity, congenital weakness of the connective tissue, longer stays in an upright Position, as well as wearing stockings bands with narrow rubber.

Symptoms of the primary forms of varicose veins:

  • Fatigue, feeling of heaviness, pain and burning in the legs;
  • Itching in the area of the blood vessels;
  • Swelling of the ankles or feet.

Secondary Form of varicose veins occurs as a result of the violation of venous drainage, as well as in the case of injuries and tumors.

Symptoms in this Form of the disease are:

  • Swelling of the feet and calves after a long standing or sitting;
  • Pain in the legs and calves;
  • Changes to the skin (excessive dryness, discoloration of the skin, reducing the thickness of the skin);
  • Night cramps in the legs;
  • trophic ulcer.

The causes of varicose veins of the legs are:

  • hereditary weakness of the blood vessels;
  • A lack of exercise;
  • lengthy static loads;
  • Hormonal disorders and the ingestion of hormones;
  • Injuries to the legs;
  • Pregnancy;
  • Weight lifting, overload;
  • Smoking.

In addition, in the group of risk are:

  • Athletes whose teaching associated with a large burden on the legs;
  • the representatives of the professions, the a lot of time in the upright Position (hairdressers, teachers, waiters, and others);
  • those who sit, and especially people who have the habit, during this time, leg toss;
  • Women who wear Heels;
  • Lovers of coffee and alcohol, as these products can cause dehydration, and thus thicken the blood.

If at the end of the working day appear to be slight swelling and the person feels a heaviness in the lower extremities, this can be the beginning of varicose veins indicate in the legs. In addition to periodic spasms and pain will be warned in the calves. And eye-visible symptoms of varicose veins usually begin with the emergence of spider veins, then irreversible processes occur in the large veins.


the treatment of varicose veins

The therapy of the disease involves the use of drugs, the state or the improvement of the elasticity of the veins. In addition, it is recommended that the intake of vitamins (A, B,C, E) and minerals (Magnesium, Calcium, zinc, Lecithin). Also for the treatment of varicose veins, the use of methods such as recommend:

  • Microwave Resonance Therapy;
  • EHF (the therapy);
  • Magnetic field therapy;
  • Laser Therapy;
  • Acupuncture,
  • Electro-Acupuncture Stimulation.

However, in marked varicose veins sclerotherapy or surgery lead. Sclerotherapy is an implementation of the special injection of drugs, which leads to overgrow the enlarged veins, and the surgery involves the removal of the enlarged veins.

But all the experts strongly recommend, regularly, the straightforward prevention of diseases:

  • avoid prolonged stays in the sun, do not get carried away, a Spa tub, and a Sauna, as it lowers the tone of the veins and leads to congestion of blood in the legs;
  • lead an active lifestyle, to move around a lot and play sports;
  • you watch your diet and limit the amount of consumed salt;
  • do not wear tight-fitting clothes, socks or tights with tight rubber bands, as this leads to a compression of the veins;
  • do not wear tight shoes and Heels;
  • not leg not to remain long in a sitting or upright Position;
  • take showers alternating;
  • Eat foods rich in fiber to prevent constipation, which also provoke the development of varicose veins;
  • the daily make self-massage of the legs;
  • the implementation of the Spa and gym.

Varicose veins of the pelvis

Varicose veins of the pelvis is a pathology that occurs mainly in women of childbearing age.

There are two ways the course of the disease: venous hyperemia of the pelvic organs and the enlargement of the veins of the perineum and the Vulva. This separation is conditional, since more than half of the cases of varicose veins of the pelvis Perineum and Vulva caused by violation of the outflow of blood from the veins of the small pelvis, and Vice versa.

The triggering mechanism of the development of the disease as pregnancy. Although the predisposition to the development of this disease can identify, before pregnancy by an ultrasound examination.

Depending on the severity of the disease an expert to determine which method of treatment: conservative or operative. In the case of varicose veins of the pelvis 1 or 2 degrees, one often also uses the conservative therapies (e.g., movement therapy). In the absence of effect of conservative treatment or in the presence of 3 degrees of the disease, surgical Intervention is.